Top Programming Languages Used In DevOps

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With an increase in the demand for software and cloud-based operations, DevOps has appeared as a successful set of principles and strategies. Helping deliver software continually and effectively in a streamlined manner, DevOps has quickened the deployment time.

With the principle of task automation at its core, DevOps has grown popular in the industry, increasing the need for DevOps engineers. However, to ensure the application of DevOps, engineers need to learn programming and scripting languages that can help streamline the software creation process more efficiently.

What Is DevOps?

DevOps is a combination of Development and IT Operations. It is based on a few key principles that help improve the communication and collaboration between these two teams. By facilitating the teams to work together, DevOps helps simplify and enhance the software development lifecycle. 

It also enables continuous improvement and deployment of software by increasing the speed, automation, and efficiency of the development process. To support the DevOps principles, you must learn some programming languages, since the coding is handled by a singular team with expert knowledge.


How To Choose A Programming Language For DevOps?

Choosing the right programming language is vital for effective DevOps automation. When choosing a programming language for DevOps, you can consider the following criteria:


It is important to consider whether the programming language you choose is easily scalable or not, since efficient and quick scaling of applications is vital in DevOps.

Execution Speed

DevOps also enables quick execution through optimization, helping decrease the overall runtime of the program. Therefore, you must choose a fast-processing language.


The popularity of any language helps determine the community, resources, and support available for it.

Ease Of Use

Languages that can help reduce the learning curve for developers are preferred since automation tools can be complex. 


Choose a language that can be used across different platforms and technologies to help enable automation of a range of tasks.

Community Support

Selecting a language that has an active community of developers provides you with a pool of resources essential for support and troubleshooting. This, in turn, helps reduce downtime.


Top Programming Languages Used In DevOps

The programming or scripting languages play a vital role in DevOps-based software development. Knowing multiple coding languages can help you streamline operations and build software more efficiently.

Following are the top programming languages you can learn as a DevOps engineer:


One of the first programming languages, C++ continues to remain one of the top choices among programmers due to its fast computation time. Moreover, due to its long use, most of the existing software is compatible with C/C++ and is therefore widely used in projects like systems programming and game development. 


This procedural language can carry out routines and subroutines to build a program. Moreover, it can deal with the APIs and SDKs, along with the hardware itself.


Created in 1989, Python is one of the most popular and relevant languages in the modern digital age. While it is a heavier language with slower execution times, it has an easy-to-understand syntax and extensive machine-learning libraries developed under it. 

This allows DevOps engineers to use it more easily and efficiently and gain access to libraries from which they can import functionality for different applications. Moreover, Python can adapt to various environments and is compatible with multiple platforms.


Another multi-purpose programming language used for different applications such as backend and server-side support, JavaScript offers high versatility and computation speeds that align with DevOps principles. 

Widely used to create interactive and dynamic visual effects, JavaScript is also popular for adding interactivity to clients-side applications, creating web forms, and validating user input. 

While it may not be a beginner’s language, JavaScript offers high scalability and is essential for browsers. Therefore, it is crucial for web development and must be learned by a DevOps engineer after they gain moderate experience.


Ruby language was created in 1995 and is commonly used to automate repetitive tasks. It has a simple syntax and is easily scalable with different operating systems, making it preferable for DevOps. 

One of the most preferred scripting languages for automatic tasks, Ruby has emerged as an efficient tool for DevOps-based web development, unit testing, and data science. 

With a small learning curve, Ruby is highly suitable for beginners. It can be used to create small web apps and complex applications alike. However, it isn’t the best at scalability. 


Hypertext Preprocessor or PHP is a general-purpose programming language widely used for building websites. It is popular for its ability to automate DevOps tasks. In addition, it has various built-in frameworks, such as Laravel and Composer that have been built specifically for DevOps. 

Compatible with other programming languages, PHP can be used to create dynamic applications, especially with it being open-source and free. PHP is most widely used for building websites. 


Developed by Google in 2009, Go or Golang is one of the latest programming languages, developed alongside DevOps. This compiled language runs on the Google Go programming platform and is one of the fastest programming languages out there.

DevOps engineers widely use Golang to help develop web apps, desktop applications, and common-line tools. It has a low overhead and executes high performance. 

Moreover, Golang can be easily scaled up and perfectly fits large software projects. It also provides an advantage of using more runtime optimizations.   


Generally used in cross-platform applications, PERL is popular among DevOps engineers due to its easy scalability. Moreover, it has a syntax similar to C and Python, which enables efficient and easy learning. 

PERL is used for web development, data analysis, system administration, and machine learning. It is known for its ability to run on any operating system. 

However, it is most commonly used as a software framework that is are collection of modules applied together to create complex applications. In addition, it helps in text processing and general-purpose scripting tasks.

Programming LanguageUses in DevOps
PythonAutomation, scripting, configuration management, CI/CD pipelines
BashScripting, automation, configuration management
RubyConfiguration management (e.g., Chef), automation
Go (Golang)Building cloud-native applications, infrastructure automation
PerlScripting, text manipulation, system administration
JavaScript (Node.js)Automation, building tools, CI/CD pipelines
GroovyScripting for Jenkins pipelines, automation
PowerShellScripting, automation, configuration management (Windows)
JavaBuilding automation tools, CI/CD pipelines, server-side applications
KotlinScripting, building automation tools


DevOps has emerged as a key role player in the world of software development and has a high demand. Therefore, choosing the right programming language for becoming a DevOps engineer is essential for personal as well as enterprise success.

Multiple programming languages can be used in DevOps, each varying in its use, complexity, versatility, and speed. Knowing different languages can give you a competitive edge and help quicken the software development process further.

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